White slavery also white slave trade or white slave trafficking refers to the chattel slavery of Europeans , whether by non-Europeans such as North Africans and the Muslim world , or by other Europeans for example naval galley slaves or the Vikings ' thralls. Slaves of European origin were present in ancient Rome and the Ottoman Empire. On the European continent under feudalism , there were various forms of status applying to people such as serf , bordar , villein , vagabond and slave who were indentured or forced to labor without pay. Under Muslim rule , the Arab slave trades that included Caucasian captives were often fueled by raids into European territories or were taken as children in the form of a blood tax from the families of citizens of conquered territories to serve the empire for a variety of functions. The modern legal term applies more narrowly to sexual slavery , forced prostitution and human trafficking , with less focus on the race of victims or perpetrators. The phrase "white slavery" was used by Charles Sumner in to describe the chattel slavery of Christians throughout the Barbary States and primarily in the Algiers , the capital of Ottoman Algeria. The term was also used by Clifford G. Roe from the beginning of the twentieth century to campaign against the forced prostitution and sexual slavery of girls who worked in Chicago brothels. Similarly, countries of Europe signed in Paris in an International Agreement for the suppression of the White Slave Traffic aimed at combating the sale of women who were forced into prostitution in the countries of continental Europe. The Volga trade route was established by the Varangians Vikings who settled in Northwestern Russia in the early 9th century.
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Between the 16th and 19th Centuries, hundreds of thousands of Europeans were captured by pirates known as the Barbary corsairs and enslaved in North Africa. Between the 16th and 19th Centuries, hundreds of thousands of Europeans were captured by pirates known as the Barbary corsairs. Many spent the rest of their lives in slavery in North Africa. A lithograph by Collette. See all episodes from Witness History. History as told by the people who were there.
Amid the global debate about race relations, colonialism and slavery, some of the Europeans and Americans who made their fortunes in trading human beings have seen their legacies reassessed, their statues toppled and their names removed from public buildings. Nigerian journalist and novelist Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani writes that one of her ancestors sold slaves, but argues that he should not be judged by today's standards or values. My great-grandfather, Nwaubani Ogogo Oriaku, was what I prefer to call a businessman, from the Igbo ethnic group of south-eastern Nigeria. He dealt in a number of goods, including tobacco and palm produce. He also sold human beings. Nwaubani Ogogo's slaves were sold through the ports of Calabar and Bonny in the south of what is today known as Nigeria. People from ethnic groups along the coast, such as the Efik and Ijaw, usually acted as stevedores for the white merchants and as middlemen for Igbo traders like my great-grandfather.
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